Biological Science Fundamentals and Systematics

Edited by : Giancarlo Contrafatto,

School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Natal, South Africa

Alessandro Minelli,

Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

1. History and Scope of the Biological Sciences

Alberto Mario Simonetta, Department of Animal Biology and Genetics "Leo Pardi", University of Florence, Italy

History of Biology

Alberto Mario Simonetta, Department of Animal Biology and Genetics "Leo Pardi", University of Florence, Italy

Characteristics of Living Beings

Pietro Omodeo, Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Siena, Italy

Levels of Biotic Organization

Alberto Mario Simonetta, Department of Animal Biology and Genetics "Leo Pardi", University of Florence, Italy

Population, Species and Communities

Juergen Tomiuk, Institute of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Division of General Human Genetics, University of Tubingen, Germany

Lutz Bachmann, University of Oslo, Natural History Museum and Botanical Garden, Zoological Museum, Norway

Philosophy of Biological Sciences

Alberto Mario Simonetta, Department of Animal Biology and Genetics "Leo Pardi", University of Florence, Italy

2. The Origin and Evolution of Early Life

Martino Rizzotti, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

History of the Hypotheses on the Origin of Life

Antonio Lazcano, Mexico

Requirements for the Hypotheses on the Origin of Life

Antonio Lazcano, Mexico

The Building Blocks of Primitive Life: Origin and Formation

André E. Brack, Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, CNRS, France

James P. Ferris, Department of Chemistry, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA

From The Building Blocks to Life

André E. Brack, Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, CNRS, France

James P. Ferris, Department of Chemistry, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA

The Earliest Anaerobic Life and the Early Aerobic Life

Martino Rizzotti, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

3. Evolution

Saverio Forestiero, Dipartimento di Biologia, Facoltà di Scienze

Matematiche Fisiche e Naturali, Università di Roma "Tor Vergata", Italy

History of Evolutionary Theory

Barbara Continenza, Dipartimento di Ricerche Filosofiche, Facolta di Lettere e Filosofia, Universita di Roma "Tor Vergata", Italy

The Darwinian View of Life

Barbara Continenza, Dipartimento di Ricerche Filosofiche, Facolta di Lettere e Filosofia, Universita di Roma "Tor Vergata", Italy

Evolution and the Species Concept

Peter John Taylor, Durban Natural Science Museum, South Africa

Speciation and Intraspecific Taxa

Giancarlo Contrafatto, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Natal, South Africa

Peter John Taylor, Durban Natural Science Museum, South Africa

Natural Selection and the Effects of Ecological Interaction on Populations

Piero Cervella, Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, Universita di Torino, Italy

Massimiliano DelPero, Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, Universita di Torino, Italy

Giampaolo Zampicinini, Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, Universita di Torino, Italy

Cell and Tissue Structure in Animals and Plants

Michael K. Richardson, Institute of Evolutionary and Ecological Sciences, Leiden University, The Netherlands

L. Goosen-de Roo, Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, Clusius Laboratory, Leiden University, The Netherlands

Biological Homeostasis

Pietro Omodeo, Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Siena, Italy

Patterns and Rates of Species Evolution

Michael James Benton, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, UK

4. Classification and Diversity of Life Forms

Alessandro Minelli, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

Giancarlo Contrafatto, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Natal, South Africa

Historical Review of Systematic Biology and Nomenclature

Alessandro Minelli, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

Metabolic Diversity in Procaryotes and Eucaryotes

Aharon Oren, Division of Microbial and Molecular Ecology, The Institute of Life Sciences, and the Moshe Shilo

Minerva Center for Marine Biogeochemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Diversity of Form, Function and Adaptation in Microorganisms

Aharon Oren, Division of Microbial and Molecular Ecology, The Institute of Life Sciences, and the Moshe Shilo

Minerva Center for Marine Biogeochemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Diversity of Form, Function and Adaptation in Fungi

Silvano Onofri, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Tuscia in Viterbo, Italy

Alessandra Belisario, Plant Pathology Research Institute, Italy

Diversity of Form, Function and Adaptation in Animals

Ernesto Capanna, Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, Universita di Roma "La Sapienza", Italy

Classification of Viruses

Alan Smith, Virology Department, University of Natal, South Africa
Edward Peter Rybicki, South Africa

Schools of Taxonomy

Daniel F. Goujet

Evolutionary and Molecular Taxonomy

Eric H. Harley, Department of Chemical Pathology, University of Cape Town Medical School, South Africa

5. Systematics of Microbial Kingdom (s) and Fungi

John C. David, CABI Bioscience, UK

Gerry S. Saddler, Diagnostics and Molecular Biology, Scottish Agricultural Science Agency, UK

Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria

Aharon Oren, Division of Microbial and Molecular Ecology, The Institute of Life Sciences, and the Moshe Shilo

Minerva Center for Marine Biogeochemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Protoctista

Carolina Mudespacher Ziehl, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapala, Mexico

Irma E. Lira, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapala, Mexico

Systematics of Funji

Silvano Onofri, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Tuscia in Viterbo, Italy

Alessandra Belisario, Plant Pathology Research Institute, Italy

Lichens

Mauro Tretiach, Department of Biology, University of Trieste, Italy

Pier Luigi Nimis, Department of Biology, University of Trieste, Italy

6. Systematic Botany

Ashley Nicholas, School of Life & Environmental Science, University of Durban-Westville, South Africa

Algae

Francisco F. Pedroche, Departamento de Hidrobiologia, Universidad Autonoma

Metropolitana-Iztapalapa & University Herbaria, University of California, Berkeley, Mexico

Bryophytes

Claudio Delgadillo-Moya, Departamento de Botánica, Instituto de Biología, UNAM, Mexico

Pteridophytes

Monica Palacios-Rios, Mexico

Klaus Mehltreter

Flowering Plants: Generalities and Gymnosperms

Mandy-Jane Balkwill

Angiosperms

Kirschner John Parnell, Ireland

7. Systematic Zoology: Invertebrates

Ronald A. Jenner, Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Frederick R. Schram, Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Porifera, Cnidaria, and Ctenophora

Giorgio Bavestrello, Istituto di Scienze del Mare, Ancona University, Italy

Michele Sara, Dip.Te.Ris., Genoa University, Italy

Platyhelminthes, Nemertea and Aschelminthes

Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa, Zoomorphology and Systematics, Fuculty of Biology, University of Bielefeld, Germany

Annelida

Greg W. Rouse, Environmental Biology, The University of Adelaide, Australia

Arthropods other than Insects

Frederick R. Schram, Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Sven Lange, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Alessandro Minelli, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

Insects and other Hexapodous Arthropods

Denis John Brothers, School of Botany and Zoology, University of Natal, South Africa

Mollusca

Winston F. Ponder, Center for Ecolutionary Research, Australian Museum, Australia

Echinodermata

Rich Mooi, Department of Invertebrate, Zoology & Geology, California Academy of Sciences, USA

Other Invertebrate Taxa

Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa, Zoomorphology and Systematics, Fuculty of Biology, University of Bielefeld, Germany

Tunicata and Cephalochordata

Loriano Ballarin, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

Paolo Burighel, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

8. Systematic Zoology: Vertebrates

Zuheir N. Mahmoud, Zoology Department, University of Khartoum, Sudan

Pisces

Ofer Gon, South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity, South Africa

Amphibia

Alan Channing, Department of Zoology, University of Western Cape, South Africa

Reptiles

Harold G. Cogger, Australian Museum-Sydney and Faculty of Science and Mathematics, University of Newcastle, Australia

Birds

Walter J. Bock, Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, USA

Mammals

Fenton Woody Cotterill, Zimbabwe

Primate Evolution

Judith Masters, Natal Museum, South Africa