EXTREMOPHILES

Edited by : Charles Gerday and Nicolas Glansdorff,

Laboratory of Biochemistry B6, Institute of Chemistry, University of Liege, Belgium

Department of Microbiology, Vrjie Universiteit Brussel, JM Wiame Research Institute for Microbiology, Belgium

1. Extremophiles: Overview of the Biotopes

Michael Gross, Oxford Center for Molecular Sciences, New Chemistry Laboratory, UK

Phylogeny of Extremophiles

Nicolas Glansdorff, Department of Microbiology, Vrjie Universiteit Brussel, JM Wiame Research Institute for Microbiology, Belgium

Ying Xu, Department of Microbiology, Vrjie Universiteit Brussel, JM Wiame Research Institute for Microbiology, Belgium

Survival Strategies and Membrane Properties of Bacteria and Archaea in Extreme Environments

Wil N. Konings, Department of Microbiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands

Sonja-Verena Albers, Department of Microbiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands

Sonja M. Koning, Department of Microbiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands

Arnold J.M. Driessen, Department of Microbiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands

2. Thermophily

Gudmundur O. Hreggvidsson, Institute of Biology, University of Iceland and Prokaria Ltd, Iceland

Jakob K. Kristjansson, Institute of Biology, University of Iceland and Prokaria Ltd, Iceland

Hyperthermophilic Microorganisms

Karl O. Stetter, Lehrstuhl fur Mikrobiologie, Universitat Regensburg, Germany

Strategies of Hyperthermophiles in Nucleic Acids Adaptation to High Temperature

Patrick Forterre, Institut de Génétique et Microbiologie, UMR8621, Université Paris-Sud, France

Thermostability and Thermoactivity of Extremozymes

Michael John Danson, Centre for Extremophile Research, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, UK

David W. Hough, Centre for Extremophile Research, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, UK

Unique Aspects of the Hyperthermophile Proteome

James F. Holden, Department of Biotechemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, USA

Michael W. W. Adams, Department of Biotechemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, USA

Compatible Solutes in Microorganisms that Grow at High Temperature

Milton S. da Costa, Departamento de Bioquimica, Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal

Helena Santos, Instituto de Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal

Heat-Shock Response in Thermophilic Microorganisms

Mosè Rossi, Instituto di Biochemica Delle Proteine ed Enzimologia, CNR; Dipartimento de of Chimica Biologica, Universita "Federico II", Italy

Annamaria Guagliardi, Dipartimento de of Chimica Biologica, Universita "Federico II", Italy

Thermoactive Enzymes in Biotechnological Applications

Costanzo Bertoldo, Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, Institute of Technical Microbiology, Germany

Garabed Antranikian, Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, Institute of Technical Microbiology, Germany

3. Psychrophily and Resistance to Low Temperature

Nicholas J. Russell, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Imperial College, University of London, UK

Ice Ecosystems and Biodiversity

Roland Psenner, Institute of Zoology and Limnology, University of Innsbruck, Austria

Anton Wille, Institute of Zoology and Limnology, University of Innsbruck, Austria

Birgit Sattler, Institute of Zoology and Limnology, University of Innsbruck, Austria

John C. Priscu, Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University, USA

Marisol Felip, Department of Ecology, University of Barcelona, Spain

Dietmar Wagenbach, Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Heidelberg, Germany

Membrane Adaptation and Solute Uptake Systems

Nicholas J. Russell, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Imperial College, University of London, UK

Catalysis and Low Temperature: Molecular Adaptation

Charles Gerday, Laboratory of Biochemistry B6, Institute of Chemistry, University of Liege, Belgium

Georges Feller, Laboratory of Biochemistry B6, Institute of Chemistry, University of Liege, Belgium

Cold Shock Response in Microorganisms

Ricardo Cavicchioli, School of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of New South Wales, Australia

Neil Saunders, School of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of New South Wales, Australia

Torsten Thomas, School of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of New South Wales, Australia

Heterologous Gene Expression in Cold-Adapted Microorganisms

A. Duilio, Department of Organic and Biological Chemistry, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Italy

Maria Luisa Tutino, Department of Organic and Biological Chemistry, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Italy

Gennaro Marino, Department of Organic and Biological Chemistry, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Italy

Cold-Active Enzymes as New Tools in Biotechnology

Rosa Margesin, Institute of Microbiology, University of Innsbruck, Austria

Freeze Tolerance

Kenneth B. Storey, Institute of Biochemistry and Department of Biology, Carleton University, Canada

Janet M. Storey, Institute of Biochemistry and Department of Biology, Carleton University, Canada

Freezing Avoidance in Polar Fishes

Chi-Hing C. Cheng, Department of Animal Biology, University of Illinois, USA

4. Halophily

Antonio Ventosa, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sevilla, Spain

R. Arahal, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sevilla, Spain

Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Hypersaline Environments and Their Biodiversity

Antonio Ventosa, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sevilla, Spain

David R. Arahal, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sevilla, Spain

Osmoregulation in Halophilic Bacteria

Hans Jörg Kunte, Institute for Microbiology and Biotechnology, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat Bonn, Germany

Molecular Adaptation of Halophilic Proteins

Christine Ebel, Laboratoire de Biophysique Moleculaire, Institut de Biologie Structurale, France

Dominique Madern, Laboratoire de Biophysique Moleculaire, Institut de Biologie Structurale, France

Giuseppe Zaccai, Laboratoire de Biophysique Moleculaire, Institut de Biologie Structurale, France

Ectoines: a New Type of Compatible Solutes with Great Commercial Potential

Georg Melmer, Bitop Aktiengesellschaft für Biotechnische Optimierung, Germany

Thomas Schwarz, Bitop Aktiengesellschaft für Biotechnische Optimierung, Germany

5. Alkalophily

Terry Ann Krulwich, Department of Biochemistry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, USA

Alkaline Environments and Biodiversity

Wlliam D. Grant, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Leicester, UK

Adaptation Processes in Alkalophiles by Elevating the Cell Wall Acidity

Rikizo Aono, Department of Biological Information, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan

6. Metallophiles and Acidophiles in Metal-Rich Environments

Max Mergeay, Laboratory for Microbiology, Center of Studies for Nuclear Energy, SCK/CEN, Belgium

Ecology and Biodiversity of Extremely Acidophilic Microorganisms

Douglas Eric Rawlings, Department of Microbiology, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa

D. Barrie Johnson, School of Biological Sciences, University of Wales, UK

Ion Transport in Acidophiles

A.C. Matin, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, USA

Transport Systems in Metallophiles

Christopher Rensing, Department of Soil, Water, and Environment Science, University of Arizona, USA

Efflux Systems in Metallophiles

Christopher Rensing, Department of Soil, Water, and Environment Science, University of Arizona, USA

Gregor Grass, Department of Soil, Water, and Environment Science, University of Arizona, USA

7. Piezophily: Prokaryotes Exposed to Elevated Hydrostatic Pressure

Daniel Prieur, UMRS CNRS 6539, Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, Institut Universitaire Europeen de la Mer, France

Characteristics of Deep-Sea Environments and and Biodiversity of Piezophilic Organisms

Chiaki Kato, Department of Marine Ecosystems Research, Japan Marine Science and Technology Center(JAMSTEC), Japan

Koki Horikoshi, Department of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Japan

Pressure Effects on Biomolecules

Karel Heremans, Department of Chemistry, Katolieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium

Piezophiles: Microbial Adaptation to the Deep-Sea Environment

Eric E. Allen, Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, USA

Douglas H. Bartlett, Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, USA

Enzymes from Deep-Sea Microorganisms

Hideto Takami, Microbial Genome Research Group, Japan Marine Science and Technology Center, Japan