NATURAL DISASTERS

Edited by : Vladimir M. Kotlyakov,

Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

1. Geological Catastrophes

Gennady Aleksandrovich Sobolev, Joint Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Nature of Earthquake

Eugene A. Rogozhin, Joint Insitute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Earthquake Parameters Including Strong Earthquakes

Sergei L. Yunga, United Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Induced Seismicity

Alex V. Nikolaev, Joint Insitute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Seismic Zoning

Valentin I. Ulomov, United Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Seismological Observations and Geodynamic Zoning Predictions

Oleg E. Starovoit, Geophysical Survey, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Sergei L. Yunga, United Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Tsunamis: Causes, Consequences, Prediction, and Response

Boris W. Levin, Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Volcanism: Geological and Geographic Perspectives

Arthur Ja. Saltykovsky, United Shmidt Institute of the Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Volcanism: Historical and Human Perspectives

Yuri S. Genshaft, United Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

2. Climate-Related Hazards

Alexandr Victorovich Kislov, Department of Climatology, Geographical Faculty, Moscow State University, Russia

Alexandr Nikolaevich Krenke, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Droughts: Causes, Distribution, and Consequences

Alexander Nikolaevich Zolotokrylin, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Dry Winds, Dust Storms, and Prevention of Damage to Agricultural Lands

Alexander Nikolaevich Zolotokrylin, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Cyclones, Hurricanes, Typhoons, and Tornadoes

Andrey Borisovich Shmakin, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Natural Hazards Caused by Solid Precipitation

Vladimir M. Kotlyakov, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Classification of Floods

Anatoliy Fedorovitch Mandych, Department of Physical Geography and Land-use, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Floods and Soil Erosion

Anatoliy Fedorovitch Mandych, Department of Physical Geography and Land-use, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Flood Control for Specific Types of Floods

Anatoliy Fedorovitch Mandych, Department of Physical Geography and Land-use, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Forest Fires and Dynamic of Forest Cover

Arkady

Alexandrovich Tishkov, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Fires in Steppes and Savannas

Arkady Alexandrovich Tishkov, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Sub-surface Peat Fires

Arkady Alexandrovich Tishkov, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

3. Mountain Disasters

Vladimir M. Kotlyakov, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Lands Slides and Rock Falls

Vladimir M. Kotlyakov, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Mud Flows

Vladimir M. Kotlyakov, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Snow Avalanches

Vladimir M. Kotlyakov, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Ice Slides and Glacier Surges

Vladimir M. Kotlyakov, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

4. Biological Hazards

Boris Borisovich Prokhorov, Institute of Economic Forecastiong of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Population Explosion

Boris Borisovich Prokhorov, Institute of Economic Forecastiong of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Infectious Diseases of the Past (plague, natural pox, leprosy, cholera, etc)

Boris Borisovich Prokhorov, Institute of Economic Forecastiong of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Appearance of New Viral Diseases (AIDS infection, dangue, Margurg, Ebol fevers) and their Distribution

Boris Borisovich Prokhorov, Institute of Economic Forecastiong of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Anthropogenic Pollution of Water Bodies (water bloom and accumulation of toxicants due to reproduction and rotting of blue-green algae)

Boris Borisovich Prokhorov, Institute of Economic Forecastiong of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia