Physiology and Maintenance

Edited by : Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen and Mustafa Atalay,

Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

1. General Physiology

Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Homeodynamics

Kaarlo Hartiala, Finland Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Receptors and Responses

Jarmo T. Laitinen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Ion Channels in Membranes

Boris V. Krylov, Pavlov Institute of Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Mechanism of Cell Volume Regulation

Sergei N. Orlov

Thermoregulation

Ryszard Grucza, Institute of Sport, Poland

General Comparative Physiology

Raimo Hissa, Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Finland

Wound Healing and Regeneration

Laura M. White, Department of Syrgery, The Ohio State University, USA

Sashwati Roy, 512 Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University Medical Center, USA

Gayle M. Gordillo, 512 Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University Medical Center, USA

Loree K. Kalliainen, Department of Syrgery, The Ohio State University, USA

W. Scott Melvin, Department of Syrgery, The Ohio State University, USA

E. Christopher Ellison, Department of Syrgery, The Ohio State University, USA

Chandan K. Sen, Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Department of Syrgery, The Ohio State University, USA

Learning and Memory

Hojjatallah Alaei, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University, Iran

Positron Emission Tomography - Molecular Imaging of Biological Processes

Juhani Knuuti, Turku PET Centre, Turku University Central Hospital, Finland

Heikki Minn, Turku PET Centre, Turku University Central Hospital, Finland

Juha Rinne, Turku PET Centre, Turku University Central Hospital, Finland

2. Enzymology

Pekka Mantsala, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Finland

Concept and Scope of Enzyme Action

Kalervo Airas, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Finland

On the Determination of Enzyme Structure, Function and Mechanism

Tuomo Glumoff, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oulu, Finland

Mechanisms of Enzyme Action

Kalervo Airas, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Finland

Enzymes for Digestion

Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Metabolism of Oxygen

Chandan K. Sen, Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Department of Syrgery, The Ohio State University, USA

Protection Against Oxidative Stress

Savita Khanna, Research, Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery (CMIS), Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, The Ohio State University Medical Center, USA

Physiological Regulation of Gene Activity

Chandan K. Sen, Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Department of Syrgery, The Ohio State University, USA

Biotransformation of Xenobiotics and Hormones

Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Biomonitoring of Environmental Pollution

Sergey Kotelevtsev, Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Russia

Valerii Tonkopii, Institute of Limnology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Industrial Use of Enzymes

Matti Leisola, Laboratory of Bioprocess Engineering , Helsinki University of Technology, Finland

Jouni Jokela, Laboratory of Bioprocess Engineering , Helsinki University of Technology, Finland

Ossi Pastinen, Laboratory of Bioprocess Engineering , Helsinki University of Technology, Finland

Ossi Turunen, Laboratory of Bioprocess Engineering , Helsinki University of Technology, Finland

Hans E. Schoemaker, DSM Research, Life Science Products, The Netherlands

3. Nutrition and Digestion

Anna-Liisa Rauma, University of Joensuu, Department of Education, Finland

Autotrophism, Heterotrophism and other Nutritional Patterns

Nutritional Needs

Anna-Liisa Rauma, University of Joensuu, Department of Education, Finland

Irja Haapala, Department of Public Health and General Practice, University of Kuopio, Finland

Digestion and Digestive Systems

Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Intestinal Microflora

Erkki Eerola, Department of Microbiology, University of Turku, Finland Wen-Hua Ling, China

N-3, n-6 Fatty Acids and Cholesterol in Metabolism

Jyrki Agren, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Vegetarianism and Vegan Diet

Anna-Liisa Rauma, University of Joensuu, Department of Education, Finland

Alimentary Systems in Vertebrate Animals

4. Renal Excretion

Lazslo Rosivall, Department of Pathophysiology, Semmelweis Med. University, Hungary

Renal General Functions

Water and Ion Balance and Imbalance

Excretion of Wastes and Pathophysiology

Comparative Aspects

5. Endocrinology

Juhani Leppaluoto, Department of Physiology, University of Oulu, Finland

General Features of Hormonal Coordination

Relationships of Neural Systems and Endocrine Regulation

Vertebrate Endocrine Systems

Invertebrate Endocrine Systems

Integration of Endocrinology, Morphology, Physiology and Behaviour

6. Respiration

Peet-Henn Kingisepp, Estonia

Respiratory Structures and Gas Exchange

Dynamics and Control of Respiration

Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport

7. Circulation

Emil Monos, Institute of Human Physiology and Clinical Experimental Research, Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine, Hungary

Heart

Mark Kollai, Institute of Human Physiology and Clinical Experimental Research, Semmelweis University, Hungary

Arterial Blood Supply and Tissue Needs

Gyorgy Nadasy, Hungary

Venous System

Emil Monos, Institute of Human Physiology and Clinical Experimental Research, Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine, Hungary

Microcirculation

Sergey A. Polenov, Laboratory of Gastroenterology, I.P. Pavlov Istitute of Physiology RAS, Russia

8. Locomotion and Sitting

Mustafa Atalay, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Muscle Energy Metabolism

Mustafa Atalay, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Electromechanical Coupling

Laszlo Kovacs, Department of Physiology, University Medical School of Debrecen, Hungary

Muscles, Neuromuscular Control and Balance

Ville Leinonen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Physiological Basis of Exercise

Mustafa Gül, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Atatürk University, Turkey

Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Trunk Muscles and Dysfunction

Markku Kankaanpaa, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Gait, Limbs and Limping

Olavi Airaksinen, Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Finland

Functional Morphological and Physiological Aspects of Human Locomotion and Posture

Hartmut Friedrich Witte, Fachgebiet Biomechatronik, Institut für

Mikrosystemtechnik, Mechanik und Mechatronik, Technische Universität Ilmenau, Germany

Gertrud Klauer, Institute of Systematic Zoology, Friedrich-Schiller-University, Germany

Nikolaus-Peter Schumann, FB Motorik, Institute for Pathological Physiology, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Germany

Hans-Christoph Scholle, FB Motorik, Institute for Pathological Physiology, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena,

Sedentary Life - Source of Multiple Health Problems

Reijo Koskelo, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Nina Zaproudina, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Neuromuscular Activities in Extreme Temperatures

Alexander Yu. Meigal, Department of Physiology, Petrozavodsk State University, Russia

9. Neurophysiology

Simo S. Oja, Brain Research Center, University of Tampere Medical School, Finland

Pirjo Saransaari, Department of Clinical Physiology, Tampere University Hospital, Finland

Structural Neurobiology

Simo S. Oja, Brain Research Center, University of Tampere Medical School, Finland

Pirjo Saransaari, Department of Clinical Physiology, Tampere University Hospital, Finland

Visualization of Brain Functions

Autonomous Neural Regulation

Tomi Laitinen, Finland

Neurons, Action Potentials and Synapses

Simo S. Oja, Brain Research Center, University of Tampere Medical School, Finland

Pirjo Saransaari, Department of Clinical Physiology, Tampere University Hospital, Finland

Signal Transmission Modulation

Pirjo Saransaari, Department of Clinical Physiology, Tampere University Hospital, Finland

Phantom pain

Richard Rokyta, Department for Normal, Pathological and Clinical Physiology, Charles University, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Czech Republic

Biological Rhythms

Jarmo T. Laitinen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Sleep

Tarja Stenberg, Department of Physiology, Biomedicum, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland

Regulation of Food Intake

Osmo Otto Päiviö Hänninen, Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland

Stress and Coping

Richard Rokyta, Department for Normal, Pathological and Clinical Physiology, Charles University, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Czech Republic

How to Fulfill the Needs for the Pleasure

Richard Rokyta, Department for Normal, Pathological and Clinical Physiology, Charles University, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Czech Republic

10. Plant Physiology

Jari Valkonen, Department of Plant Biology, SLU (Swedish Agricultural University), Sweden

Water Relations in Plants

Kurt Fagerstedt, Department of Biosciences, Division of Plant Physiology, University of Helsinki, Finland

The Functions of Chlorophylls in Photosynthesis

Paavo Heikki Hynninen, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Helsinki, Finland

Tuomo Sakari Leppakases, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Helsinki, Finland

Biological Nitrogen Fixation with Emphasis on Legumes

Kristina Lindstrom, Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University

Role of Plant Growth Regulating Substances

Chang-Hung Chou, Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, and Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan

Biochemical Interactions among Plants: Allelopathy as Ecosystem Regulator

Chang-Hung Chou, Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, and Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan

Trees and Other Plants and Disturbed Seasonality

Heikki Hanninen, Finland

Environmental Pollution and Functions Plant Leaves

Elina J. Oksanen, Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, University of Kuopio, Finland

Plant-Insect Interactions and Pollution

Jarmo Holopainen, Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, University of Kuopio, Finland